Prefectural capital:Osaka City
In Muromachi period (14-15th), Sakai in Osaka had been flourishing by great merchants who had traded to with China (Ming Dynasty). In the late Sengoku period, Toyotomi Hideyoshi built Osaka Castle. He had grown in strength, and brought the country under one sway. After Hideyoshi died, Tokugawa Ieyasu’s forces had grown, he began the Edo shogunate (bakufu). Then Ieyasu attacked Osaka Castle, destroyed Toyotomi clan. In Edo period (17-19th), Osaka had developed as the center of Japan’s economy.
In modern times, these areas have formed Hanshin Industrial Region, and heavy industry such as metal manufacturing and shipbuilding have developed. There are many huge office buildings, and many folksy eateries too in Osaka. You can eat grilled meat, Shabu shabu, okonomiyaki and takoyaki!