Prefectural capital:Ōtsu City
Shiga Prefecture encircles Lake Biwa, the largest freshwater lake in Japan. Lake Biwa occupies 1/6 of Shiga. It serves as a reservoir for the cities of Kyoto and Ōtsu and is a valuable resource for nearby textile industries. It provides drinking water for about 15 million people in the Kansai region. And there are many tourist spots such as beaches, ports and gardens at Lake Biwa.
Hikone Castle which preserve the Tenshu(castle tower), gate and samurai residence of the Edo period is also worth visiting. And Kōga City is very famous as ninja clan. The traditional culture, Shigaraki ware which figures representing the Tanuki(raccoon dog) is very popular.